Zabbix api。 Tutorial Zabbix API

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For a fresh installation, you need to install pip first. The Zabbix Python SDK by Jose Vicente allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Python projects and applications. Furthermore, another bug in Zabbix resolved in 1. Returns an instance of the Zabbix::API class. The Zabbix Ruby SDK by github-jason allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Ruby applications. The number of configuration cache locks done by pollers has been reduced. This allows to override the default macro value by a context specific one. Requirements• The curl can also be used to create hosts. For each request from the web frontend without API, for instance, to show the dashboard, your web client will send a request to verify that you are an authenticated user, and this request has to be verified against this 1 million or more sessions. The Zabbix Go SDK by George Kelly allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Go applications. zbx-hpmsa Utility for retrieve hardware info and stats about HPE MSA storages via XML API for Zabbix Monitoring Platform. The Zabbix Visual Basic SDK by Alexander Nesterov allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Visual Basic applications and code. 1 of the License, or at your option any later version. This options allows to customise which inventory option is selected by default for new hosts. Now you can safely restart Zabbix agent or remove Zabbix proxy database while monitoring a log file without getting double alerts. logout Or use 'with' statement to logout automatically:. History index cache has been added to keep index of the history cache. perf items have been added with the possibility to check NTP service. Moreover, trigger URLs, if available are also displayed. Build Status image:: :target:. Plan to migrate Zabbix to next version 4. What you need to start out is probably the fetch method in Zabbix::API; be sure to check out also what the various Zabbix::API::Foo classes do, as this is how you'll be manipulating the objects you have just fetched. You can customize the request parameters by configuring the object used by PyZabbix. Plus, I had to write boilerplate validation code, which would have been taken care of by Moose at least where types and type coercions are concerned. Original Ruby Library is Copyright C 2009 Andrew Nelson nelsonab at red-tux dot net Original Python Library is Copyright C 2009 Brett Lentz brett. host id to get smaller output. See for the disambiguation of other properties, such as main, useip, dns, etc. Keep in mind I am running Python3 not Python2 through this tutorial but the library is compatible with both. Another great use of Zabbix API is when you want to add hundreds or thousands of devices for monitoring applying very specific, custom rules that using the Zabbix web interface would not be possible. URLs within the description are clickable. The Zabbix server and the front end are connected to the database. There are four types of host interfaces which are represented by numerals in API:• Data retrieval Zabbix has plenty of information about an organization's environment stored in its database. The description field has a maximum size and will be scrollable if the text is larger than the field. Dashboard filtering by trigger name When using the Dashboard filter, it is now possible to enter a string limiting the number of triggers displayed in the System status, Host status and Last 20 issues widgets. History cache will better handle the processing of a large number of values 100 and more values per item coming from a low number of items 100 items or less. In the example above item checking will take place at 8:59. Maps, screens and slide shows can now be private or public. Returning user group permissions for host groups is now supported with the method. There you will find several examples of host. Code examples are included in the documentation. Return a HTTP::Response object. code:: python import sys import logging from pyzabbix. This has shown an increase in performance of varying magnitudes, but has never shown a decrease in performance. 3 Predictive trigger functions Predictive capabilities are now available via forecast and timeleft trigger functions. 0 just simply remove the details key and its values. 4 is confirmed as working with login. The Zabbix Go SDK by Max Karpenkov allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Go projects and applications. Setting this attribute after construction does nothing. php HostGroupName To create several host groups: zgcreate. zbx-hpmsa provides ability to make Low Level Discovery LLD of HPE MSA storage components via it's XML API and retrieve many of some other metrics like health statuses, temperature etc. Networking performance: in outgoing TCP connections Zabbix now combines header, data size and data at least initial part in one TCP packet. It is an HTTP S request to the front end which posts the information and specifies the execution of the API call. Session caching. The credentials are the same as for the users in your front end. Enabling Keep-Alive• Find a certain pattern among other hosts:. my host, I have to add a new parameter. Getting started with the API It does not take long to test out how easy using Zabbix API is. API with curl It is also possible to test API methods without any programming languages, using just curl. The programming language Python, Bash, etc. Execute a call with real-life credentials to find out, for instance, Zabbix version and the number of hosts. This method allows us to log in to the API and generate an authentication token. Live presentation The use case will be providing a list of our hosts, and attaching macros, host names and interface names for web events in a CSV file. csv file you will find your Hosts created in your Zabbix Server. The Zabbix PHP SDK by Olivier PALLUD allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their PHP applications and code. discovery item has been introduced to support. It features configuration and performance data storage, rich visualization capabilities, and data organization via built-in housekeeping procedures. EPEL repo, or• This is useful for:• This behaviour was noticed on FreeBSD platform. Database upgrade patches automatically convert NTP service checks using net. If entered reference is not valid, due to misspelling or missing referenced global regular expression, the item will become unsupported and appropriate error message will be displayed. The Zabbix Java SDK by Concept Reply Italy allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into applications built with Java 1. The dashed line represents the minor communication between the front end and the server. Here are some useful resources that you will need:• When an active proxy connects to Zabbix server, the server identifies this proxy using information from server configuration cache in earlier versions directly from database. 1 Login in case of HTTP Auth, only the username is needed, the password, if passed, will be ignored zapi. When the Zabbix server collects information from a PC or another device, the data is processed by the server binary process and written inside the database. Displaying trigger description is very useful in cases when it can provide clues to resolving the problem. 15 Bulk acknowledgement made more flexible In previous Zabbix versions, when bulk acknowledging problems, all unacknowledged events for the problem would be acknowledged. And this information deserves to be re-used in other applications, e. finder allows you to perform the following operations:• Existence of a Zabbix API opens up a lot of opportunities for even greater efficiency in monitoring. num now return 0 if the specified user does not exist. The new Zabbix version comes with two new automated ways of selecting host inventory mode. It has to wait until server configuration cache is updated from the database can be enforced from commandline. If someone makes any changes in the front end, the global script with API and configuration import will overwrite all the events that happened in the front end with all the values and the parameters, which will be saved in the centralized template storage. For convenience, links to respective templates and global macro configuration are provided. sqlite3 Feautres Common:• mem item now supports a 5th parameter - 'memtype' only on AIX, FreeBSD, Linux, Solaris. It is important to authenticate with a username and password to use API, for example, to change the configuration. The public ones can be accessed by all users, while the private ones can be accessed by its owner creator and all users the entity has been shared with. 0 checking of NTP service was done using net. Returns an arrayref of CLASS instances. HTTPS support• OTHER BUGS THAT ARE NOT RELATED TO THE ABSENCE OF MOOSE It is quite slow. In this lesson, we will connect to our API first using the linux cURL commands, the simple api testing tool and then we try and example using Python. In this example, I filter data by host and by name and use the token and session ID. See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details. A check for valid reference has been added for global regular expressions in logeventid , regexp and iregexp trigger functions. You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc. They can be used in calculated items, trigger expressions and notifications to act in advance and avoid potential problems instead of waiting for them to happen and eliminating consequences afterwards. Configuration management When working in automated environments that are manipulated through configuration management systems such as Puppet, Chef, Salt or others, integrating Zabbix with such systems may save you plenty of time when adding, removing or upgrading hardware or software.。 For example, the front end will know that it is required to fill in mandatory fields when you use the API method. This page and the front end itself with all PHP files already knows what a specific API call means. whether the host is disabled,• Note: A key change to the API has been made requiring SNMP interfaces to include a details object when created as of Zabbix 5. That imposed certain limitations, for example, you could not add a second acknowledgement message as all events were deemed acknowledged. database query;• php Output 1 If I create a new server, add it to the host group, and execute zhostfinder. In such a scenario, the responsiveness of the web frontend will become very slow. Linux and Windows PHP implementations. If the verbosity is set to 1, will print the HTTP::Response to STDOUT. In my previous post about , I mentioned that if you want to update all of the existing hosts to change the inventory mode, there are two ways to do that:• This SDK is written for Python 3. This helps against malformed queries; Zabbix tends to return all objects of a class when a query contains strange parameters like "searhc" or "fliter". In this case, you can use Zabbix API to establish two-way integration. MOOSE, ABSENCE OF The distribution doesn't use Moose, because it was written with light dependencies in mind. The Zabbix Ruby SDK by Nickolai Barnum is a gem that allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Ruby applications. The Zabbix Python SDK by liangwei allows developers to access the Zabbix API's methods from their Python applications. 0 it was always the sum of free, buffers, and cached memories. The ticket ID is unknown because it was lost after the alert was sent. php" Update an Item Method : item. ready-to-use scripts. I also changed the name of the new host to YouTube Tutorial and added a new group ID and template ID. Of course this is also true if someone else is fiddling with the hosts directly on the web interface or in any other way. Under the Permissions tab add each of the host groups that you need the API user to have access to. The user will find a notification about a new ticket and go to the front end to acknowledge the problem. Understand how to utilize Zabbix API, automate daily processes, and integrate with other solutions. On top of all the goodies one may find in Zabbix, it also comes with an API that provides access to almost all functions available in Zabbix. If one object was sent, returns that. This is useful for:• The Zabbix Perl SDK by Andrey A. If 64-bit counters are not available, the agent uses 32-bit counters as before. Setting permissions was already allowed with the usergroup. Enabling HTTP authentication• API also facilitates automation and integration. There are more than three test files. In this case the period of outdated history deleted in one housekeeping cycle will be 4 times the period since the last housekeeping cycle, but not less than 4 hours and not greater than 4 days. If the verbosity is strictly greater than 0, the internal LWP::UserAgent instance will also print HTTP request progress. This SDK is compatible with Zabbix versions 3. In the new version flexible intervals have been supplemented with a new Scheduling format where item checking can be defined for specific time points. One of them could accidentally change just a single value in the configuration, but it would be enough to block monitoring. The test suite logs in and out once per test file. 5 prevents successful logins to reset the failed logins counter, which means that after three possibly non-consecutive failed logins every failed login triggers the ban period. 16 Action and action condition caching util item has been added to monitor process CPU utilisation. Mobile applications Monitoring an IT environment is a 24x7 process, which requires constant attention regardless of whether responsible personnel is around, off on the weekend or even away on vacation. Log file monitoring log, logrt and eventlog was improved by sending actual log file meta information in specific cases and keeping it on Zabbix server side. Each time you open the front end and create a new host, the information about it is also written to the database. 0 only the free memory size was returned. These functions analyse item history and return the future value of the item or time in which the item value reaches a threshold respectively. The Zabbix Python SDK by Alexander Flavin allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Python applications. cookie A string containing the current session's auth cookie, or the empty string if unauthenticated. Enabling Keep-Alive• In addition to the options for linking to regular applications, a new option for creating application prototypes has been added to item prototype definition. This improves performance and reduces database load. They will not be able to log back in until the server has decided their ban period is over around 30s. For example, I want to filter my requests for the Zabbix server only and authenticate with the session ID. 9 kB File type Wheel Python version py3 Upload date Apr 29, 2020 Hashes Filename, size 11. You can use this data as variables for the required fields and create any amount of hosts with unique values automatically in a loop. This should give slight performance improvement in peak situations. Those are: server A string containing the URL to which JSON-RPC queries should be POSTed. Usage examples are included in the documentation. PyPi version image:: :target: Download files Download the file for your platform. You can add or change any configuration in the front end. Aggregate items now do not require setting the fourth parameter timeperiod if the third parameter itemfunc is set to last. Discovered items are linked to the applications created based on application prototypes. Files for py-zabbix, version 1. If you are running an older version of Zabbix 5. When working in low memory mode value cache will attempt to switch back to normal operational mode once per day. API is better than direct queries if you are not an expert in databases. Zabbix API. The Zabbix front end has all supported API methods and queries written and optimized by the Zabbix developers for proper performance, so you do not have to worry about making any mistakes. PyZabbix PyZabbix is a Python module for working with the. Also configuration cache locking during that process has been reduced multiple times. Filtering options across several frontend sections have been improved further. You can use filters on specific fields e. SNMP discovery has been improved to support discovery of multiple OIDs. In big installations, where API is used a lot as people use the default libraries for requests, issues arise because the users log in again and again without logging out. You can also delete configurations or get the history out of Zabbix through API. The ticket is created, but you do not know if any actions were taken to fix it. 5 kB File type Source Python version None Upload date May 26, 2020 Hashes whl Algorithm Hash digest SHA256 45524044d44d53539985d446fa1bd958ba38ce0a0b51ffbfe00f0efd64603334 Copy MD5 d2a87f57fc4fb48353e47324385de5c7 Copy BLAKE2-256 56a7c5fc0c7ab8a3b3cc80968685bce8c43e52cfa19f1ac3d05a86e32e7686bb Copy. You may choose to acknowledge only the selected event, or all problems events as well, or all events for the problem. On the other hand, changing active proxy settings via frontend or API now does not have an instant effect. The Zabbix Python SDK by CYPI allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Python applications. The Zabbix PHP SDK by Ikke allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their PHP applications and code. 9 kB File type Wheel Python version py2 Upload date Apr 29, 2020 Hashes Filename, size 19. A trigger prototype may depend on another trigger prototype from the same low-level discovery LLD rule or on a regular trigger. 2 Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes Filename, size 5. On you can find the API libraries for Python, as well as for Ruby, Crystal, Java and other programming languages. For instance, you can set up multiple Zabbix frontends with one of them dedicated to API access. 0 you have more flexible options when using bulk acknowledgement. Konovalov allows developers to access the Zabbix API from their Perl applications. Zabbix server will set the host availability icon to gray unknown status for the corresponding agents Zabbix, SNMP, IMP, JMX if:• LOW-LEVEL ACCESS Several attributes are available if you want to dig into the class' internals, through the standard blessed-hash-as-an-instance mechanism. The current operational mode can be checked with zabbix[vcache,cache,mode] key. Data for CSV report The data here is a part of the Zabbix , where you can find all the options available. verbosity [VERBOSITY] Mutator for the verbosity level. However, it is possible to find the main options there:• 59 on the 1st day of the month if it is a Monday. Currently this file is not included in official Zabbix distributions, but can be found in build output directory after building Zabbix agent on Windows platform. Be quick and share with your friends and colleagues. The server itself does not appear to be lightning fast; at least a recent Zabbix 1. allows you to run different functions before executing the call. This is supported on Linux and Solaris platforms. Network communications between Zabbix components server, proxies, agents and command-line utilities can now be encrypted if Zabbix is compiled with mbed TLS PolarSSL , GnuTLS or OpenSSL library. authenticate is marked as having been introduced in version 1. py3 Upload date May 26, 2020 Hashes Filename, size 5. That may be useful for filtering out requests coming from Zabbix in web server access log files. The params hashref should contain the method's parameters; query parameters query ID, auth cookie, JSON-RPC version, and HTTP request headers are set by the method itself. 6 TCP connection timeout on Windows platforms Previously the host availability status in the frontend depended upon whether the last item check had been successful or not. 4 Mass editing buttons instead of dropdown In web scenario definition it is now possible to select a 'Zabbix' user agent. A check for valid reference has been added for global regular expressions in snmptrap, log, logrt and eventlog items. 6 Custom parameter support for alert scripts In previous Zabbix versions three hard-coded parameters were passed to custom alert scripts - Send to, Subject and Message. Zabbix is based in Latvia, with subsidiary offices in Tokyo and New York. login, which deprecates authenticate. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. It works, however, inexperienced users may find it easier to use instead. While it could be faster to create a single new host directly in the front end, normally APIs are used to create a large number of hosts. This will cause unused values to be eventually removed if the item request range was reduced. The Zabbix Go SDK by 4cteru allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their Go projects and applications. Additionally, the user agent list now contains updated browser versions. The Zabbix PowerShell SDK by Trent Willingham allows developers to integrate the Zabbix API into their projects built with PowerShell, a task automation and configuration management framework built on. This popup already displayed trigger events in previous versions. So, at a certain point, if you have never used the API, you might need to use the API to solve some integration issues. When I pass the information about the values, Zabbix automatically recognizes what I want to use, so there is no need to select anything manually in the front end. A connection protocol parameter has been added to net. Anyone can develop their own personal mobile application for managing Zabbix or make use of the applications already available. 当完成了前端的安装配置后,你就可以使用远程HTTP请求来调用API。

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